# Find Kth Smallest or Largest element in an Array.

Objective: Find Kth Smallest or Largest element in an Array

Example:

```int[] arrA = { 2, 3, 11, 16, 27, 4, 15, 9, 8 };
Output: The 4th smallest element is : 8
```

Approach:

Naive Approach: Use Sorting

Sort the array and return kth element. Time Complexity - O(nlogn).

Better Approach: Use Quick Sort Technique

Here we are finding the kth smallest element in array. Same approach you can apply to find the kth largest element.

• In this technique we select a pivot element and after a one round of operation the pivot element takes its correct place in the array.
• Once that is done we check if the pivot element is the kth element in array, if yes then return it.
• But if pivot element is less than the kth element, that clearly means that the kth element is on the right side of the pivot. So make a recursive call from pivot+1 to end.
• Similarly if pivot element is greater than the kth element, that clearly means that the kth element is on the left side of the pivot. So make a recursive call from start to pivot-1.

Average Time Complexity : O(n)

NOTE: Instead of printing the kth element, you can print all elements from index 0 to k and this will the solution of the problem "Print First K smallest or largest elements in an array".

Code:

Output:

```The 4th smallest element is : 8
```