Beginner

# Check if Given Number is power of 2.

Objective: Given a number, write a program to find if number is power of two.

Example:

```N = 5
Output: false.

N = 8
Output: true (23)

N = 512
Output: true (29)```

Approach:

This problem can be solved in multiple ways; we will discuss three solutions here.

1. Log2 Method
2. Check the Remainder
3. Convert number to bits

Log2 Method:

Get the log of the number with base 2 and if outcome is integer then number is power of 2.
Code:

Output:

```Given number 6 is not power of 2
Given number 8 is power of 2
Given number 24 is not power of 2
Given number 512 is power of 2
```

Method - Check the Remainder:
Keep dividing the number by 2 till n =1, and during this iteration, if any time number%2 is non zero then the number is not the power of 2 else the number is the power of 2.

Code

Output:

```Given number 6 is not power of 2
Given number 8 is power of 2
Given number 24 is not power of 2
Given number 512 is power of 2```

Method – Bit Manipulation

1. Every number which is a power of 2 has only one bit set (4 = 1 0 0, 8 = 1 0 0 0, 16 = 1 0 0 0 0),
2. Convert the given number into binary and count the number of set bits, if count > 1 then number is not power of 2 else the number is power of 2.

Code:

Output:

```Given number 6 is not power of 2
Given number 8 is power of 2
Given number 24 is not power of 2
Given number 512 is power of 2```

Reference: Here