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42. Inorder Successor in Binary Search Tree Using Parent link
Algorithms - Inorder Successor in Binary Search Tree Using Parent link
Objective: Given a Binary Search tree in which every node has a link to its parent, find the inorder successor of a node.
What is Inorder Successor: Inorder successor of a node is the next node in the inorder traversal of the tree. For the last node in a tree, inorder successor will be NULL
Input: A binary search tree with nodes liked to its parents, a node x
Output: The inorder successor of node x.
Time Complexity : O(h) , h - height of the tree
There will be 3 cases to solve this problem
Say the node for whose inorder successor needs to be find is x.
Case 1 : If the x has a right child then its inorder successor will the left most element in the right sub tree of x.
Case 2: If the x doesn't have a right child then its inorder successor will the one of its ancestors, using parent link keep traveling up till you get the node which is the left child of its parent. Then this parent node will be the inorder successor.
Case 3: if x is the right most node in the tree then its inorder successor will be NULL.
Tree : 3 5 7 10 17 15 InOrder Successor of 7 is 10 InOrder Successor of 10 is 17