Hard

# 262. Count and print all Subarrays with product less than K in O(n)

Objec­tive:  Given an array of positive integers and integer ‘K’. Write an algorithm to count all the possible sub arrays where product of all the elements in the sub array is less than k.

Example:

```Int [] nums = {10, 4, 2, 6};
K = 100

Output: 9
Sub arrays: [10], [10 4], [10, 4, 2], [4], [4, 2], [4, 2, 6], [2], [2, 6], [6]
```

Approach:

Time complexity: O(n^3)

Output:

```10
10 4
10 4 2
4
4 2
4 2 6
2
2 6
6
Sub arrays has sum less than k=100 are: 9
```

Use Sliding window approach: O(n)

• Every time any new element is added to the sub array then there are possibilities either the product of the elements will be less than k or greater than equal to k.
• Start with first element and keep adding elements till the product of elements are less than K.
• Once the product is greater than k than, start dividing the product with elements of sub-array, from the start index of that particular sub-array.
• Repeat the above 2 steps till we navigate the entire array.
• Now let’s discuss how will count the sub arrays.
• If product of all the elements in array is less than K that means all the subarrays will also have product less than K.
• Let’s say we have 3 elements in the subarray where product is less than k and after adding the 4th element in subarray, product is still less then we will have 3 more subarrays(same as the previous size of array) in our result see the explanation below
1. [1, 2, 3], K = 40. Add another element 4 so new window with product less than 40 is [1, 2, 3, 4]. So all the new subarrays with product less than 40 will be - {1, 2, 3, 4}, {2, 3, 4}, {3, 4}, {4}.

Let’s take one Example, have 2 pointers start and end to track the sliding window

```int [] nums = {10, 4, 2, 6};
K = 100
count = 0 (will be our final result)
__________________________________________________________
start = 0, end = 1: [10], product = 10 <100,
count = count + end-start = 0 + 1 = 1
__________________________________________________________
start = 0, end = 2: [10, 4], product = 10*4 = 40 <100,
count = count + end-start = 1 + 2 = 3 (new ones are {10, 4}, {4})
___________________________________________________________
start = 0, end = 3: [10, 4, 2], product = 40*2 = 80 <100,
count = count + end-start = 3 + 3 = 6 (new ones are {10, 4, 2}, {4, 2}, {2})
___________________________________________________________
start = 0, end = 4: [10, 4, 2, 6], product = 80*6 = 480 > 100 => remove 10 and
product = 480/10 = 48, start  = 1
___________________________________________________________
start = 1, end = 4: [4, 2, 6], product = 48<100,
count = count + end-start =6 + 4 – 1 = 9```

Output:

`No of sub arrays has sum less than k=100 are: 9`